Mount Royal, Quebec

Mount Royal, Quebec was a model city designed to be at the foot of Mount Royal mountain in Canada. Designed by Frederick Todd, who was heavily influenced by Ebenezer Howard, Mount Royal was created on 4,800 acres of farmland in 1912. Mount Royal was created as a response to industrialization and big-city problems that plagued large metropolitan centers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, as part of the urban renewal movements (the Garden City movement), expressed through the presence of a railway, main arterial roads, winding parkways, and its zoning and layout.

Created by the Canadian Northern Railway, there is a rail tunnel under the mountain that connects this land to downtown Montreal, much like the rapid transit systems typically seen between garden cities. Two main roads cross diagonally at Connaught Park, a green space at the center of the city. The garden city has changed little from its 1912 creation, but the town is currently facing pressure to rezone and change height restrictions in order make room for taller condos.

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