Colonía Federal, Mexico City, Mexico

The area shown is known as the Colonía Federal, a subsection of the Venustiano Carranza neighborhood in Mexico City, Mexico. Designed in 1925 by architect Raul Romero, this neighborhood was founded to house the residences of government workers, hence the name, “Federal”. Interest in the area that would become Colonía Federal began in 1908, the government acquired the land for the purposes of constructing a pantheon. However, due to its distance from the center of the city, the plans were abandoned, and the area remained idle until the 1920s. In 1924, interest sparked again as employees of the Office for Domestic Affairs began to settle in the area, known at the time as Cuatro Arboles (Four Trees). After the creation of a commission by government employees and subsequent pressure on the national government, then President of the Republic, Alvaro Obregon, appointed architect Raul Romero to design the new colonía. Through the collaboration of Romero and residents, the neighborhood was founded in 1925 based on post-revolutionary rationalist ideology. The neighborhood’s radiating octagonal pattern is unique in the city and across the world. It is believed that Romero gained inspiration from both the city of Palmanova, Italy and the Place Charles de Gaulle in Paris, France. Given the neighborhoods striking similarity to Palmanova, a city highly symbolic of Renaissance-era rationality and order, it is highly likely that Romero intended a similar symbolism, and wanted to create a highly ordered residence for workers of a government who’s prosperity was clear from a bird’s eye view.

Sources:
Plata Cruz, Patricia. “La Colonia Con Forma De Teleraña.” El Universal, May 18, 2019. https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/mochilazo-en-el-tiempo/la-colonia-con-forma-de-telarana.

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